Italy located in southern Europe. To the north, Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia, and is roughly delimited by Alpine watershed, enclosing the Po Valley and Venetian Plain. To the south , it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula and the two Mediterranean island of Sicily and Sardinia, in addition to many smaller islands.
Capital and largest city: Rome
official language: Italian
Area: total :301,338km2
population in 2015: 60.674003
Italy has more UNESCO world Heritage sites than any other country in the world , and has rich collections of art, culture and literature from many different periods.
Italy has overall , an estimated 100000 monuments of any sorts( museums, palaces, buildings, statues, churches, art galleries, villas, fountains, historic houses and archeological remains.
Italy is known for its considerable architectural achievements such as the construction of arches, domes and similar structures.
The history of Italian visual art is part of Western painting history. Roman art was influenced by Greece and can in part be taken as a descendant of ancient Greek painting. However, Roman painting does have important unique characteristics. The only surviving Roman paintings are wall paintings , many from Villas in Campania, in southern Italy.
literature and Theater
The basis of the modern Italian language was established by the Florentine poet Dante Alighieri, whose greatest work, The Divine Comedy< is considered among the foremost literary statements produced in Europe during the middle ages. also one of most famous novels of Italian writer Carlo Collodi’s 1883 novel, the Adventures of Pinocchio, is the most celebrated children classic. Italian Theater can be traced back to the Roman tradition which was heavily influenced by the Greek: as with many other literary genres, Roman dramatists tended to adapt and translate from the Greek.
From folk music to classic , music has always played an important role in Italian culture . instruments associated with classical music, including the piano and violin, were invented in Italy., and many of the prevailing classical music forms, such as the symphony , concerto, and sonata, can trace back their roots to innovations of 16th- and 17th- century Italian music.
fashion and design
Italian fashion has a long tradition , and is regarded as one most important in the world. Milan, Florence and Rome are Italy’s main fashion capitals.
Traditional central Italian cuisine uses ingredients such as tomatoes, all kinds of meat, fish, and cheese. in Tuscany pasta is traditionally served with meat sauce.
top ten tourists attractions in Italy
one: canals of Venice
Referred to as the city of Water, Venice is the crown jewel of water cities. Romantic gondolas, and Italian architecture along grand canal helped earn this status.
The Colosseum in Rome is the largest and most famous amphethetr in the Roman world. its construction was started in 72AD and finishe in 80 AD by the emperor of Italy.
three: Santa Maria Del Fiore
It is Florence’s beautiful cathedral and symbol of the city.
four: Pizza Del Campo
one of Europe’s greatest medieval squares, the Piazza del Campo is the principal public space of the historic center of Siena, Tuscany. It is renowned worldwide for its beauty and architectural integrity.
On August 24, 79 AD, the volcano Vesuvius erupted, covering the nearby town Pompeii with ash and soil, and subsequently preserving the city in its state from that fateful day. Everything from jars and tables to paintings and people were frozen in time. Its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of people living two thousand years ago. Today Pompeii is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2,500,000 visitors every year.
Positano is a small town located on the Amalfi Coast, a stretch of coastline renowned for its rugged terrain, scenic beauty, picturesque towns and diversity.
seven: Lake Como
Lake Como is part of the Italian Lake District an area popular with visitors for well over 100 years for its combination of fresh air, water, mountains and good weather. The lake is shaped much like an inverted ‘Y’.
eight:Leaning tower of Pisa
The world famous Pisa Tower was built over a period of about 177 years.Since 2001, the famous tower in Pisa is again open to those wishing to climb it’s 296 steps.
Manarola is one of the oldest towns in Cinque Terre. The “Five Lands” comprises of five villages noted for their beauty. Paths, trains and boats connect the villages, and cars cannot reach it from the outside.
San Gimignano is a village in Tuscany famous for its 14 stone towers. At the height of San Gimignano’s wealth and power, more than 70 towers were built to defend the town against enemy attacks.